The Japanese military occupied New Guinea between 1942 and 1945 and established military brothels there, but whether or not New Guinean women were sexually enslaved is unknown.
Trafficked Asian women are recorded victims, but historians note only anecdotal evidence of local comfort women. Today, a PNG-based civic group lobbies for Japanese recognition of historical sexual slavery in New Guinea, but receives no response. The project explores whether a response is justified on the basis of the archival records of Australia’s postwar administration of New Guinea, as well as Japanese occupation-period military documents. Its exploration is pursued through an English-language monograph as well as English- and Japanese-language articles.